Sinuses are the hollow spaces found between the eyes, behind the cheekbones, and on the forehead.
Sinusitis means inflammation of the tissue that is lining the sinuses. These tissues produce mucus, which helps to keep your nose moist; mucus protects against dust, pollutants, and allergens.
Usually, the sinuses fill up with air. They will get blocked and filled with fluid; germs and bacteria can multiply and cause Infection.
Conditions like the common cold, allergic rhinitis, nasal polyps, and a deviated septum can cause sinus blockage.
Types Of Sinus Infection
There are four types of sinus Infection.
- Acute Sinusitis: Acute sinusitis is an infection that lasts for a short duration, less than four weeks. Usually, it is affected by colds or other respiratory illnesses and is even affected by bacteria.
- Subacute sinusitis: Subacute sinusitis lasts for 4 to 12 weeks
- Recurrent acute Sinusitis: sinus Infection that returns more than four times a year and lasts for seven days.
- Chronic Sinusitis: chronic Sinusitis continues for more than 12 weeks because of reoccurrence.
Different types of sinuses near the nose a d eyes
Paranasal sinuses are located in the head and near the nose and eyes.
- Ethmoidal sinus
- Maxillary sinus
- Spenoidal sinus
- Frontal sinus
The giant sinus cavity is the maxillary cavity.
In the United States, around 31 million people suffer from Sinusitis.
Who is most likely to get Sinusitis?
Sinus Infection can affect anyone, but for people with a nasal polyp, septal deviation, nasal allergies, and asthma, smoking also can increase reoccurrence.
Common causes of Sinusitis
Bacteria, viruses, or fungi can cause Sinusitis.
- A weak immune system followed by illness or medication.
- Common cold
- Septal deviation
- Nasal and seasonal allergies
Symptoms Of Acute Sinusitis
- There will be pain all over the face or pressure
- Stuffed nose
- Loss of smell
- Runny nose
- Cough or congestion
- Bad breath
- Dental pain
There will be a thick, yellow-green nasal discharge.
Symptoms Of Chronic Sinusitis
Symptoms last more than 12 weeks or even more.
- You may feel congestion or fullness in the face.
- Nasal obstruction or nasal blockage
- Pus in the nasal cavity
- Runny nose
- Discolored postnasal discharge
There is a chance of headaches, bad breath, tooth pain, and tiredness.
Treatment For Sinusitis
If you suffer from a superficial sinus infection, your doctor will suggest decongestants and saline nasal wash.
The doctor may suggest antibiotics, and you probably must continue the treatment for 10 to 14 days.
Steam inhalation is helpful in chronic Sinusitis.
Warm compression will reduce the pain. Drinking a lot of fluids will help you to keep mucus thin.
Saline nasal drops are safe and can use at home.
In some conditions, the doctor will prescribe steroids along with antibiotics.
If you are suffering from allergies, your doctor may advise antihistamines.
It would help if you avoided triggers like dust and pollen.
When a patient is diagnosed with Sinusitis, the doctor will suggest an antifungal drug to help treat the condition.
In case Sinusitis is not treated, it may lead to discomfort till it’s cleared. It also results in meningitis or brain abscesses.