Autism is a developmental condition that emerges in the first few years of childhood and affects the brain’s ability to communicate and interact with others.
There is still much unknown about autism, but scientists are working hard to find out what causes this disorder. Some believe it is caused by genetics, while others think it may be due to environmental factors.
More research is needed to determine the root cause of autism, but we are closer than ever to finding an answer.
Although the precise etiology of autism is unknown, it is thought to result from a mix of hereditary and environmental factors. Some of the possible causes of autism include:
- A faulty gene that affects the development of the brain
- Problems with the immune system
- Difficulties with early brain development
Symptoms Of Autism
The symptoms of autism and some common traits are often associated with the disorder. Generally, people with autism often have difficulty with social interaction and communication.
They may also have problems with sensory processing and be hypersensitive to certain stimuli. Additionally, many people with autism exhibit repetitive behaviors and have difficulty with change.
A physician, after checking the symptoms, would recognize autism. No one test can diagnose autism, so doctors use a variety of tests and look at the person’s behavior and development to decide if they have autism.
The Different Types of Autism
There are three main types of autism:
- Asperger Syndrome
- Classic Autism
- Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD-NOS).
A high-functioning variant of autism is Asperger Syndrome. People with Asperger Syndrome typically have normal intelligence and language skills but social interaction difficulties.
Classic autism is the most severe form of autism. People with classic autism typically have intellectual disabilities and delayed language skills.
PDD-NOS is the least severe form of autism. People with PDD-NOS typically have some symptoms of autism, but they don’t have as many problems as people with classic autism or Asperger Syndrome.
Autism Treatment and Care
There is no one-size-fits-all approach to treatment and care for autism, as the needs of each person with autism vary. Some standard therapies and interventions for autism include:
Behavioral therapy is a form of treatment that focuses on changing or improving behaviors. Behavioral therapy can be used to help people with autism learn new skills and enhance their social interactions.
Speech And Language Therapy
People with autism might be benefited from language and speech therapy to improve their communication skills. They may also learn how to understand and use language in socially appropriate ways.
Occupational therapy can help people with autism improve their skills in daily activities, such as bathing, dressing, and eating.
Aquatic therapy is a treatment type that uses water to help improve a person’s physical and cognitive abilities. It can be beneficial for people with autism with difficulty with movement and coordination.
Nutritional therapy is a type of therapy that focuses on providing a person with autism with a healthy diet. A healthy diet can help improve mood, behavior, and overall health.